# Who are the casualties in crashes on 30 km/h roads?

In the years 2014, 2015 and 2016 (N = 94), the elderly are slightly overrepresented among road deaths in crashes on 30 km/h roads compared to 50 km/h roads (N = 385). On 30 km/h roads is about 60% of the road deaths are 60 years or older, and 40% are 75 years or older; on 50 km/h roads about 52% of the road deaths are older than 60 and is 35% are 75 years or older (Figure 2). In 2016, 48% of all road deaths were 60 years or older [6].

On 30 km/h roads there are slightly more fatalities among cyclists and pedestrians than on 50 km/h roads. On 30 km/h roads about 47% of the road deaths are cyclists and about 17% are pedestrians; on 50 km/h roads the percentages are 43% and 15% respectively (Figure 3). These percentages are 30% and 8% respectively for all road deaths in 2016 [6].

A car is the crash opponent in about one third of the fatal crashes on 30 km/h roads, in over 11% this is a truck or bus and in more than 10% of the cases the crash opponent is a van. These percentages are similar to the percentages for all fatal crashes. A quarter of the fatal crashes are single vehicle crashes; this is the case for more than a third of all fatal crashes [6].

Figure 2. Distribution by age of road deaths (period 2014-2016) on 30 km/h roads (N=94) and 50 km/h roads (N=385), excluding temporary speed limits due to special circumstances (e.g. road works, road closure, other crash or congestion). Source: IenW.

Figure 3. Mode of transport of road deaths (period 2014-2016) on 30 km/h roads (N=94) and 50 km/h roads (N=385), excluding temporary speed limits due to special circumstances (e.g. road works, road closure, other crash or congestion). Source: IenW.

Categorizing the serious road injuries on 30 km/h roads in more detail is not helpful. As stated, the data is dated and especially the crashes not involving motorized vehicles are rarely registered by the police (see also the question What is the number of casualties on 30 km/h roads?). Further detail would therefore present a distorted picture.

Part of fact sheet

#### 30 km/h zones

A 30 km/h zone is also known as a ‘zone 30’ or a 'residential area'. The zone is mostly situated within an urban area and consists of… Meer