The EU ADVANCED Project : description and analysis of post-licence driver and rider training : final report.

Bartl, G. Baughan, C. Fougere, J.-P. Gregersen, N.-P. Nyberg, A. Groot, H. Sanders, N. Keskinen, E. Hatakka, M. Pannacci, M. Willmes-Lenz, G. Bahr, M. & Stummvoll, G.

Advanced is a study of post-licence driver and rider training co-financed by the European Commission. It describes and analyses voluntary, post-licence training and makes a series of recommendations on how to improve such training. It emphasises the importance of avoiding overconfidence amongst trainees and indicates how training can be more effective and balanced. The report first deals with the theoretical context, in terms of research into post-licence training and current knowledge on adult learning. It goes on to describe the typical types of courses available across Europe (and elsewhere) in terms of location, programme content, methods, trainers and other forms of quality assurance. In the light of practical experience and research data, the report then draws some tentative conclusions on how and to what extent post-licence training currently meets the needs of the drivers and motorcyclists who attend. The ensuing recommendations section offers practical advice for policymakers, course providers and trainers on how to make some fundamental improvements in training and its delivery. These recommendations are guidelines and remain voluntary in nature. The Advanced project goes one step further by investigating the possibility of the introduction of a more official “quality training” scheme in the form of a quality label for post-licence training. The results of initial discussions with course providers and road safety organisations on this subject are presented in this report. Another - related - focus of the study is compulsory “2nd phase” training for novice drivers and motorcyclists (such as exists in Luxembourg and Finland –and in Austria and Switzerland from 2003 and 2004 respectively). Based, again, on practical experience and research, this section offers practical guidelines for countries considering the introduction of such a training format. It does not, however, draw any conclusions on the effectiveness of such training. Course providers of voluntary, post-licence training rarely endeavour to evaluate the effects of the training on their participants, so they have little idea of how effective the training is. In response, an entire chapter is devoted to the subject of evaluation designs, offering guidance and tips to course organisers on how to implement a reliable and effective evaluation. Few courses appear to address behavioural issues related to personality and the driving context which are highly influential when driving / motorcycling. In addition, courses may also benefit from innovative examples on how to train risk awareness at various different levels of driver/rider behaviour. As a result, a fully accessible Risk Awareness Database is mentioned in the report, and featuring on the CIECA website: Developed by an international interdisciplinary scientific committee, Advanced builds on knowledge in the field of driver training and highlights a number of areas which can be improved in order to better address the needs of driver and motorcyclists. It also, however, underlines various obstacles to progress as far as the trainers, course providers and trainees are concerned. It bases a number of its assumptions and conclusions on practical experience rather than scientifically valid data. This reflects the lack of relevant research into the effects of post-licence road safety training. (Author/publisher)

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20070359 ST [electronic version only]

Rijswijk, Commission Internationale des Examens de Conduite Automobile CIECA, 2002, 231 p., 14 ref. - ISBN 90-76408-11-4

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