European road users’ risk perception and mobility : the SARTRE 4 survey.

Antov, D. Banet, A. Barbier, C. Bellet, T. Bimpeh, Y. Boulanger, A. Brandstätter, C. Britschgi, V. Brosnan, M. Buttler, I. Cestac, J. , De Craen, S. de Delhomme, P. Dogan, E. Drápela, E. Forward, S. Freeman, R. Furian, G. Gábor, M. Goldenbeld, C. Henriksson, P. Holte, H. Kraïem, S. Papadimitriou, E. Podlesek, A. Polic, M. Sánchez-Martín, F. Sardi, G.-M. Schmidt, E.-A. Silverans, P. Siska, T. Skládaná, P. Theofilatos, A. Below, A. von Yannis, G. Zaidel, D. & Zavrides, N.

The SARTRE (Social Attitudes to Road Traffic Risk in Europe) project started in 1991. It consists of a European wide survey about knowledge of road traffic laws and road traffic risks, attitudes regarding road safety issues, reported road traffic behaviours, transport habits and needs in several European countries. Various topics related to road safety are in the focus of the project such as alcohol, drugs, or phone use while driving, speeding, use of advanced driver assistance systems and the transport infrastructure and environment. The project’s goal is to compare the participating countries in order to recommend road safety measures at the national or European level. Indeed, as Jean-Pierre Cauzard wrote in 2004, “the various countries, beyond common aspects, obtain apparently different success in their policies to reduce road traffic risk. This is a reason to develop a comparative study to learn best practices from each other”. This is still perfectly true eight years later with, again, many differences in the road safety progress of different countries. Of course the question of how to improve road safety, year after year, requires considering carefully the human factors that guide behaviours such as motivations, risk perception or culture. In fact, technological developments of cars and infrastructures, including road signs and pavement markings, have already reached a very high level. Moreover, some new developments are forecasted to be developed or even generalized: alcohol interlocks (that prevents drink driving), Intelligent Speed Assistance (that prevents speeding), and even autonomous cars (that prevent driving!). Despite the considerable efforts of car engineers, and the crucial role of traffic laws to increase road safety with licensing and enforcement conditions, there will always be someone in the car that will have to make some decisions and inappropriate behaviours are often considered as contributing for a large part to accidents. That is why, with enforcement and road engineering, we need to search for behavioural improvements and how to achieve them. And that is the purpose of the SARTRE project. (Author/publisher) For more information see

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20122607 ST [electronic version only]

Brussels, European Commission, Directorate-General Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE), 2012, 496 p., 219 ref.


Dit is een publicatie van SWOV, of waar SWOV een bijdrage aan heeft geleverd.