Today there are two levels of drunken driving in Sweden (drunken driving and aggravated drunken driving). In the year 1990 the lower BAC (blood alcohol content) limit was reduced from 0.05 to 0.02 percent. Some years later, in 1994, the upper BAC limit was also reduced from 0.15 to 0.10 percent. In addition, the maximum penalty for aggravated drunken driving was increased and the police got more far-reaching possibilities of control. This study examines the effects of the most recent drunken driving legislation on fatal road-traffic accidents and road-traffic accidents with severe personal injury. The assessment of the effect is carried out by ARIMA analysis on monthly data for 1986 to 1997. The models include alcohol sales (measure of alcohol consumption) and delivery of petrol to retailers (measure of traffic density) as well as the two legislative reforms implemented in 1990 and 1994. The analysis showed a significant reduction of fatal road-traffic accidents depending on the 1990 and 1994 legislation. The results concerning road-traffic accidents with severe personal injury are more unstable, but the results point in the same direction.
An evaluation of the Swedish drunken driving legislation implemented on February 1, 1994.
C 17157 (In: C 17017 [electronic version only]) /83 / ITRD E107466
In: Alcohol, drugs and traffic safety T2000 : proceedings of the 15th ICADTS International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety, Stockholm, Sweden, May 22nd - 26th, 2000, pp.-